In-vitro fertilization is the fertility treatment that is performed in the laboratory. It uses special medical techniques. In IVF, men’s sperm and woman’s egg are fertilized in laboratory. The main aim of this treatment is to treat women with damaged fallopian tubes. It is the common reproductive technology used. Recently this treatment is used as fertility treatment for women with endometriosis, unexplained infertility or in male fertility problems.
IVF is prefered, if you and your partner are diagnosed for factors which include Low sperm count, antibody problems that harm sperms or eggs and problems with ovulation. In vitro fertilization has 4 stages :
- Ovarian stimulation : Ovarian stimulation drugs is used for stimulating the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. After 8-14 days, another drug is used for nourishing egg maturation.
- Egg retrieval : For retrieving the eggs, ultrasound-guided probe is inserted to the vagina by the doctor. A needle is then used to suck liquid from a small gland (follicles) and lot of eggs are retrieved.
- Fertilization and embryo culture : In this stage, maturity and quality of the eggs are evaluated. Eggs which are selected after evaluation are transferred into a closed apparatus in which small babies are placed. Then inseminated with sperm, either by injecting a single sperm into the egg or by placing sperm together with the egg.
- One or more embryos are implanted in the uterus following egg retrieval (after 1 - 6 days). Excess embryos may be frozen and saved for future use. It takes about 2 weeks to determine if pregnancy has been achieved.
It is not necessary that all IVF cycles should result in pregnancy and then in live births. Certain variables which may even include the age of patients makes the success rates of IVF highly depended. Some women are even subjected to acupuncture which may increase the chance for pregnancy.
For more details visit us on : http://www.infertility-center-madurai.com/assisted-reproductive-technique-ivf.php
Sorrows will get washed away by the little ones smile..