IVF (In vitro Fertilization) is the Famous Procedure for Infertility. IVF treatment blessed many couples with babies. IVF is done with women own eggs/donor eggs and sperm/donor sperm. In vitro fertilization mainly helps to treat damaged and blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis, cervical issues, male and unexplained infertility problems.
It is the process of combining eggs with sperms in a Petri dish in a sterile place, laboratory. Once the fertilization is over, the embryos are transferred into women uterus and the pregnancy is carried out.
IVF is recommended when the following condition exists
- Diminished Ovarian Function or fallopian tube damage
- Anovulation and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
- Unexplained infertility
- Age Related Infertility Problems
- Those who are at risk of genetic disease such as cystic fibrosis
The IVF cycle has four standards.
Ovarian stimulation: For producing multiple eggs hyperstimulation drugs such as Clomiphene is prescribed. Human Chorionic gonadotropin is given to nourish the egg maturation after 8-14 days.
Egg retrieval: After the hCG injection the eggs are retrieved within 34-36 hours. The OBG uses an ultrasound guided probe into the vagina for egg retrieval. With the help of a thin needle, the liquid is drained from the follicles.
Fertilization and Embryo Culture: The eggs are evaluated for its quality and maturity. Selected eggs are placed in the laboratory and then transferred into an incubator. The sperms and eggs are either place together for infusion or single sperm is injected into the egg. Thus insemination is performed.
Embryo Transfer and Cryopreservation: After the egg retrieval one or more embryos are implanted in the uterus. If the embryos are excess those will be frozen for future use. About two weeks is required to determine whether the pregnancy is achieved.
GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer) and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) are other two procedures of IVF. GIFT is a method of egg harvesting as with IVF and mixing with sperm, then injected into the fallopian tube where the fertilization occurs. In ZIFT, before transferring the eggs into the fallopian tube, the egg is fertilized with sperm in the laboratory. Women who at least have one functioning of fallopian tube can undergo this procedure.
Guru Multispecialty Hospital, Madurai is an Infertility Centre with high-end technologies. Dr. B. Kalpana is an experienced and qualified Infertility Specialist who treats the infertile couples positively and with her full-effort keeps the couples happy by enhancing the pregnancy chances. Guru Multispecialty Hospital offers all kinds of treatments under one roof.
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