Sunday, 29 January 2017

Essential Steps to a Healthy Pregnancy

Regular intake of folic acid: Begin or continue to take at least 400 micrograms of folic acid by taking vitamin supplements every day to reduce the child’s risk of neural tube defects. Also, it is difficult to get all the folic acid you need only from food. Most prenatal vitamins contain 400 micrograms of folic acid.
Do not use alcohol, tobacco or drugs in any form: Drinking alcohol, smoking, and taking drugs during pregnancy can increase the child’s risk for problems such as foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other life threatening problems. FASDs have a variety of effects on the foetus which result due to the mother drinking alcohol during pregnancy. Smoking tobacco, smoking marijuana, exposure to second-hand smoke and taking drugs during pregnancy can also harm the foetus and affect infant health.
Talk to your doctor about medications: Most of the women take four or more medications during pregnancy. Talk to your doctor about the prescribed medications and herbal and vitamin supplements. Certain medications and some dietary or herbal supplements can harm the foetus during pregnancy.
Avoid exposure to toxic substances: During pregnancy, exposure to radiation, pesticides, some metals and certain types of chemicals can cause birth defects, premature birth and miscarriage. A few examples of exposures that are known to be toxic to the developing foetus are lead, radiation and solvents.
Follow a healthy diet: Choose different types of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and dairy products to help ensure the developing foetus gets all the nutrients it needs. Make sure you also drink plenty of water. Consult the doctor to learn more about how much you should eat during pregnancy, the nutrients required and how much caffeine is safe to drink.
Eat a safe diet: Avoid certain foods such as raw fish, undercooked meat, deli meat, papaya and unpasteurized cheeses. Do not consume anything which you are not comfortable eating.
Limit caffeine intake: Too much caffeine can increase the risk of miscarriage. Talk to the doctor about the amount of caffeine you get from coffee, tea, or soda. A limit of 200 milligrams per day is advisable. 
Talk to the doctor about physical activity:  Most women can continue regular physical activity throughout pregnancy. Regular physical activity will help you feel better physically and mentally, sleep better and prepare your body for birth.
Maintain a healthy weight: Gaining too much or too little weight during pregnancy increases the risk of different problems for both the mother and the infant. Following a healthy diet and getting regular physical exercise can help you stay within the recommended weight. The amount of weight you should gain during pregnancy depends on your pre-pregnancy weight and body mass index (BMI).

Guru Multispecialty hospital is one of the leading Fertility & Women Care Center in Tamil Nadu. They provide the right care and concern about all the issues related to women and child care.
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Friday, 13 January 2017

Overcome the Barriers and Build Your Family

Male Infertility refers to a man’s inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female partner. A man’s fertility generally depends on the quantity and quality of the sperm. If the number of sperms a man ejaculates is less or if the quality of sperms is poor, it will be difficult and sometimes impossible, for him to cause a pregnancy.

Infertility is a widespread problem. For about one couple in five infertile couples the problem lies only because of the male partner. It is estimated that one in 20 men have some or the other kind of fertility problem with low numbers of sperm in the ejaculate. However, only about one in every 100 men has no traces sperm in his ejaculate.

Male infertility is usually caused due to the problems that affect either the sperm production or the sperm transport. Only through medical testing, the doctor will be able to find the cause of the problem.

About two-thirds of infertile men have a problem with producing the sperm in the testes. Either low numbers of sperm are made or the sperm that are made do not function properly.

Sperm transportation problems are found in about one in every five infertile men, including men who have undergone a vasectomy but now wish to have more children. Blockages in the tubes leading sperm away from the testes towards the penis can cause a complete lack of sperm in the ejaculated semen.
Other less common causes of infertility include: sexual problems that affect whether semen is able to enter the woman’s vagina for fertilisation to take place; low levels of hormones made in the pituitary gland that act on the testes and sperm antibodies. In most men, the sperm antibodies will not affect the chance of a pregnancy but in some men sperm antibodies reduce fertility.
  • Avoid smoking as it alters sperm DNA.
  • Avoid heavy drugs and alcohol intake.
  • Avoiding excessive heat to the testes.
  • Wearing a jockstrap to protect the testicles in any sports.

Treatments will vary according to the underlying disease and the degree of the impairment of the male fertility. Pre-testicular conditions can often be addressed by medical means or interventions. Testicular-based male infertility tends resists medication. Usual approaches include using the sperm for intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), or IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Obstructive causes of post-testicular infertility can be overcome with either surgery or IVF-ICSI. Ejaculatory factors may be treatable by medication, or by IUI therapy or IVF.

Guru Multispecialty Hospital, Madurai is a complete fertility center with high-tech technologies. It is one of leading infertility & women care centers in Tamil Nadu.

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